This course examines basic managerial functions of planning, organizing, motivating, leading, and controlling. Emphasis is also given to the behavior of individual and groups within organizations.
This course provides an overview of the travel industry field and related businesses including an examination of the close linkages between hotel, food, recreation, transportation and other industries affected by tourism. Special attention will be given to the travel industry network, domestic and international travel and tourism trends, the impact of government and public policy on tourism, travel destination planning, and development, and the effects of travel and tourism on infrastructure and native cultures.
This course examines the nature and environment of entrepreneurship. Students learn to recognize and develop entrepreneurial skills by examining and analyzing the strategies employed by practicing entrepreneurs in creating and building new ventures. Particular attention is given to the criteria used in assessing the feasibility of new venture ideas and opportunities. Each student is required to develop a personal entrepreneurial strategy identifying areas of personal strength and areas where growth is needed in order to achieve individual goals of creating and building a new business venture.
Taking an interactive approach, this course deals with people in business enterprises and attempts to familiarize students with organizational relations including superior-subordinate relations, formal and informal group interactions; interpersonal and inter-group conflict; cooperation, discipline, motivation, authority, job satisfaction, communications and change.
This course covers business applications of data analysis and time series forecasting. Students will learn how to use the data to make informed decisions in various functions of business. In addition, students will learn how to make business forecasts based on time series data. Spreadsheets and add-ins will be used for all the analyses.
This course acquaints the student with the business analytics: use of data and quantitative models to aid in business decision making. The course covers all three major areas of analytics: descriptive, predictive and prescriptive. In addition, students will learn tools for effective project management. The topics include descriptive statistics, pivot table, data visualization, regression, forecasting, linear optimization, Monte Carlo simulation, and project scheduling. Emphasis is on (1) data analysis and modeling of business problems, (2), implementation of the models on Microsoft Excel, and (3) interpretation and effective communication of the results.
This course introduces the concept of relational databases where many organizations store data, and covers SQL used to retrieve the information relevant to formulate useful insights for decision making. The topics include relational model and data modeling with entity-relationship diagram, as well as retrieving information from single and multiple tables, sorting and formatting data, and creating a database with tables.
The study of non-profit and for-profit arts organizations, particularly those in the performing arts. The course covers organizational structure, the board of trustees, marketing, human resources, planning, financing, fund raising, and evaluation. The course also addresses major trends taking place in the field and career opportunities.
This course identifies areas of similarities and differences in terms of cultures and sub-cultures, legal, political, and social systems, as well as economic order. The effect of environmental factors on multinational business operations is explored. Special attention is given to the opportunities and problems which different environments afford management of international business.
This course analyzes the strategies, problems, and procedures used in assessing human potential, abilities, and performance. Students learn to develop and use methods to select personnel and evaluate their performance. Topics include selection and recruitment procedures, job analysis, performance appraisal systems, training and counseling procedures and their assessment and compensation systems.
This course is designed to introduce future managers in the health care field to the structure, operation and financing of the American health care system. It examines the major industry participants; how health care services are allocated and financed; the factors that influence the cost and quality of care; and opposing positions on the future of health care reform.
This course explores the history and evolution of the service economy and the theories and strategies for development of quality services. The focus will be on benchmarks of service management and the provider/client relationship. Topics will include operations, marketing, strategy, information technology and organizational issues in services. Emphasis will be on service management in the hospitality and tourism industry.
This course examines the role of management in the hotel industry. The basic managerial functions of planning, organizing, and controlling will be examined. Special attention will be given to the issues of staff planning and scheduling, productivity analysis, international standards and practice, and policy formulation.
This course introduces the student to the management issues associated with the planning, operation, control and service quality assurance of foodservice establishments. The course emphasizes management techniques in different types of food services in hotels, restaurants, and institutions.
A combination of lecture, field trip, and web assisted assignments featuring safety issues in hospitality and tourism which include risk management, crisis management, security management and safety management. A focus on food safety management will provide the students an opportunity to gain certification in the ServeSafe Curriculum which focuses on food safety and provides a competitive advantage in hospitality and tourism enterprises. Students will be required to pass the food safety test as part of the course.
This course is designed to familiarize students with management of design issues: facilities, psychological, operational, and technological. The focus is on changes in the business model and customer relations in hospitality and tourism.
This course introduces students to the principles, concepts, and steps involved in planning and executing successful events. Students will discuss definitions and categories of event planning and current issues and trends of event management. Strategies will be introduced to develop meaningful, well organized conferences, meeting and special events, including how to effectively procure, organize, implement and monitor the products and services that bring an event to life. Students will learn different aspects of organizing and managing special events: choosing the best venue: preparing and managing the budget; scheduling and staffing; coordinating food and beverage, décor, entertainment, and themes.
In depth assessment of the management of the global cruise industry and its impact on the tourism industry. Students will develop a business plan that considers the management, marketing, organizational structure, operations, regulations, financial issues and sustainability of this global industry. Students will also explore the environmental, economic and cultural/social impacts of the cruise industry.
Managerial problems involved in planning, organizing, coordinating and controlling a small business firm's total operation are analyzed. Utilizing the case study approach, emphasis is placed on the concepts of management, accounting, finance, law, and marketing as they specifically apply to the small business sector of the economy.
This course reviews the unique management, personal and interpersonal issues associated with a family owned and operated firm. Topics of discussion include dynamics of family interaction and the family business culture; gender and ethnicity issues; continuity and succession planning; and professionalizing the family business. Case research and discussion are utilized, and current publications from family business management literature are reviewed.
This course introduces entrepreneurship by examining various aspects of starting new ventures that are focused on international markets. The key success factors in creating a new internationally oriented business will be examined from the perspective of an entrepreneur. This approach includes business started in the U.S. that target foreign markets as well as businesses started in various other countries by entrepreneurs (e.g. China, India, Brazil, etc.).
The Entrepreneurship Implementation is a practicum for students who want to actively engage in the entrepreneurial start-up business process. It is designed to offer students direct experience with entrepreneurship and exposure to the entrepreneurial mindset in a supportive environment. Class meetings are held in the Entrepreneurship Lab and will focus on understanding and evaluating the steps necessary in order to launch a new business venture. In addition to lectures, presentations and other interactions with the professor, students will work with entrepreneurs and practicing professionals in the field of entrepreneurship. Students wishing to enroll in this course must have a clearly defined business concept (commercial or social) and be committed to its implementation.
Organizational Behavior and Culture addresses human behavior and interpersonal skills in organizational settings and cultures. Using an interactive approach, this course deals with people in organizations and developing people centered organizations. Students are introduced to concepts of organizations at the individual, team or group and organizational level. Relationships between organizational members will include issues of management and leadership, superior- subordinate relations, communication, formal and informal group interactions;interp ersonal and intergroup conflict; cooperation, discipline, motivation, job satisfaction, and change. Understanding these issues leads to an understanding of major organizational outcomes i.e., performance, satisfaction, absenteeism and turnover and processes that managers can use to positively influence these outcomes. Theory and practice will be integrated as students learn about and experience working as a virtual student on a virtual project team within a virtual organization (the class). The course is personalized so that each student has first hand experience with the concepts presented. The course will use multiple delivery methods including individual on-line learning, collaborative distance learning tools as well as telephone and video.
An interdisciplinary introduction to contemporary social and ethical problems which businesses face. This course deals with the relationship of the corporation to other social and political institutions in America and with international changes affecting American businesses.
This course examines management systems in various parts of the world including Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Specific management systems in selected countries are discussed in detail. The implications for international management are analyzed.
This course examines people management issues in an international context from the perspective of the line manager. Topics traditionally included under human resources management and organizational behaviors are covered. Issues related to managing people in an international setting and personnel concerns of international operations are emphasized.
This course provides an overview of how business is done in Asia. Students will learn about the economic, cultural, and political influences on business. A general description of the region will be given along with specific focus on the differences among individual countries and cultures.
This course provides an overview of how business is done in Latin America including Mexico, the Caribbean, Argentina, Chile, and Brazil. Students will learn about the economic, cultural, and political influences on business. A general description of the region will be given along with specific focus on the differences among individual countries.
This course provides an overview of how business is done in Central, Eastern, and Western Europe. Students will learn about the economic, cultural, and political influences on business. A general description of the region will be given along with specific focus on the differences among individual countries.
The International Management Field Study provides students with the unique opportunity to visit other countries and regions of the world and to learn about the cultures, subcultures, legal, political, and socio systems, economic order, and work settings of the area visited. Students will meet with foreign managers, educators, and government officials, as appropriate, to discuss issues affecting the practice of management in the region visited. In addition, students may participate in various local business or cultural events as a means of gaining a more personal understanding of the evolution and practice of management in that region. The field study component of the course will generally take place during intersession, spring break, or summer.
This course offers the unique opportunity for students to see how science and business can work together in developing a very successful tourism industry in the Tuscany region of Italy. The course focuses on the principles of business development, environment, ecology, and sustainability of ecotourism and agrotourism in Florence and the Mugello territories of Italy.
This International Field Study course will be about understanding and managing in different cultures, doing business across cultures, and managing multi-national business affairs in the context of the USA and China. We will study cases and hear from expert and then go visit China. The trip will include visits to Beijing and Shanghai (and Hong Kong, if time permits), including companies and cultural sites such as the Great Wall and Forbidden City.
This course will explore the theme of “Economic Competitiveness and Leadership”. We will study the characteristics of international business and financial markets and evaluate the associated risks and benefits within the framework of changing global economic conditions, devoting special attention to Europe and regional integration. We will further consider these characteristics and trends within the context of global competitiveness and modern leadership challenges. Students will have the opportunity to meet with political and business leaders and learn more about the business culture in these countries.
This course requires students to apply international management knowledge gained through course work in an appropriate organizational setting. Students will be required to keep a journal and complete a paper.
A seminar for International Management majors. Students are expected to draw upon their regional concentrations within the International Management program to analyze and discuss current international issues. Topics covered may vary from semester to semester depending upon the instructor's expertise and the current global environment.
This course covers business operations, the processes that transform inputs into the production and delivery of finished goods and services. It will cover both managerial insights and analytical skills for designing, analyzing, and improving the operations process and supply networks. The topics include performance metrics of operations processes, process flow analysis, queueing analysis for service systems, six sigma quality, inventory models, and supply chain management. Case studies and experiential exercises will be used to illustrate the concepts, and Microsoft Excel will be used for hand-on practice.
This course provides an introduction to programming with Python, and shows how to use Python to retrieve, manipulate and visualize data. No prior programming experience is assumed. Topics include data structures in Python, control flow statements such as if-then-else and for loops, functions, accessing data from the web and from databases, review of data mining libraries, and visualizing data. Fall NYC
This course covers the data analysis techniques used to predict the future in the context of business applications. The techniques include multiple regression, logistic regression and classification trees as well as cluster analysis and factor analysis. The applications include developing effective marketing strategies, predicting employee turnover, auditing, credit approval decisions and others. Students will implement the techniques with a statistical programming language such as R, Python or SAS.
This course focuses on the design and management of quality for manufacturing, service, and public sectors to achieve global competitiveness. Emphasis is placed on new techniques for managing quality. Topics include statistical quality control, total quality management, concurrent engineering, Taguchi designs, benchmarking, ISO 9000, quality function deployment, quality philosophies of Deming, Juran, Crosby, Taguchi, Ishikawa and others, environmental quality, reliability, availability, and maintainability, Malcolm Baldrige Quality Award and Deming Prize.
This course acquaints the student with the management science approach to the solution of business problems in general and production problems in particular. Problems involving the business as a whole, as well as such areas as inventory control, production scheduling, quality control and decision analysis are considered. Topics include linear programming, integer programming, queuing theory, decision theory, probability concepts, and simulation.
Monte Carlo simulation is a versatile approach for modeling business uncertainty and managing risk. In this course, students will learn how to use Monte Carlo simulation to improve decision making in a variety of business functions including strategy, operations, marketing, and finance. Students will use Microsoft Excel with VBA and a simulation software such as @RISK. Applications include risk analysis for a new product, investing, option pricing, inventory ordering decisions, customer lifetime value estimation, and yield management.
This course covers topics in management of business projects. Students will learn the specific skills that are required to effectively manage projects across a variety of business disciplines. The topics include project selection, scope management, team building, cost management, project scheduling, quality management, and risk management. Computer software such as Microsoft Project will be used. After this course, students will be eligible to sit for the Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM) exam.
This course analyzes the strategies, problems, issues, and practices involved in human resources training and development from various perspectives. Topics stressed include training and development methods, program design, effectiveness evaluation, training, and development research, learning theory, career planning, executive development, and the implementation of effective training systems.
This course examines the nature and problems of organizations from a macro-perspective. Planned approaches to organizational change will also be considered. Topics include structural, technological, and behavioral approaches to change, models of change, intervention methods, change agent behavior and management of change.
This course develops student’s negotiation and conflict management skills. Negotiations are a primary part of social life in general and organization life in particular. Since almost everyone involved in organizations engages in some kind of negotiations (with bossed, peers, suppliers, clients, etc.) this course promises to be relevant and helpful for a variety of management students.
This course explores the research and theories of effective leadership. The following topics are studied from the perspective of both the leader and group members: asserting authority, building commitment, gaining power, introducing change, handling confrontation and lateral relations.
Arts and entertainment organizations depend on creativity to survive and thrive. This course explores the elements of creativity and how to facilitate the creative process, not only in others but in ourselves. Students will learn how the design of work and organizations affects creative processes and outcomes. Leadership skills will be identified and developed that can facilitate creativity in arts and entertainment organizations, whether they are non-profit or for-profit.
The basic structure of many arts and entertainments organizations is project based. This type of work design creates unique challenges for attracting and managing resources, facilitating transfer and learning across projects, and production management. The course will examine methods and strategies for facilitating the efficiency and effectiveness of project-based teams.
This course provides an overview and analysis of how art organizations are governed and sustained. It pays particular attention to the challenges and rewards of managing relationships with various stakeholders, from board members to artists, and from major donors to ticket buyers. We look at the benefits that the arts bring to communities and, conversely, the ways in which communities help to maintain a vibrant arts scene. The course covers the shared elements found in most arts organization and businesses, while also examining specific segments of the industry, such as theater, dance, music and the visual arts.
Digital technology has influenced all aspects of the arts and entertainment value chain, from idea creation, to production, distribution, and exhibition. This course examines the challenges and opportunities created by technology innovation.
This course examines the nature and environment of entrepreneurship within the Arts and Entertainment industry. Students learn to recognize and develop opportunities to create new ventures by analyzing the strategies employed by practicing entrepreneurs operating with many areas of the arts and entertainment field. These may include: film production studios, record labels, one-person shows, comedy clubs, comedy troupes, podcasts, radio shows, opera productions, ateliers, art exhibitions, and one-act-plays. Particular attention is given to the criteria successful entrepreneurs use in assessing the feasibility of new venture ideas and opportunities.
This course examines the landscape of the business of music from historical development to fundamental understanding of the industry's ecosystem ranging from managers and players, deals and financing, agreements and publishing rights to emerging trends.
The performing arts industry offers a multi-billion business. This survey course will introduce the students to the landscape of the business of performing arts. The course will help students develop practical skills for management including from understanding the roles of managers & other players in the organization, audience engagement and development, contract, deals & financial statements analysis, issues associated with performing arts organizations, to developing strategies to cope with emerging trends. This course will examine the industry’s ecosystem including the role of management in handling its managers and artists, how contracts with union and artists are assessed, how music copyrights are inspected, and how radical changes in trends are affected its internal and external environments.
Discussion and analysis of the economic models controlling health care markets with subsequent investigation of the complex federal, state, and local policies and policy-making processes that result from those models in U.S. healthcare systems.
The course develops techniques for analyzing and evaluating the performance of health care services and organization. Economic theory, policy analysis, operations research and management techniques are introduced as tools. This course assumes that continuous improvement is achievable through a program of on-going meaningful analysis.
This course seeks to develop managerial competence in the areas of leadership, professionalism, knowledge of the health care environment, and business skills and knowledge. These competencies are essential skills necessary for managers practicing in the medical practice environment. Practice managers must be prepared to manage the whole practice and staff. The proactive manager must be prepared to assume strategic and operational responsibility for the practice.
This advanced course is a continuation of the optimization topics introduced in MGT 226. Students will learn how to build prescriptive analytics models on the computer to arrive at the optimal decisions in business. Topics include linear programming, network models, integer programming, nonlinear programming and goal programming. Some of the application areas covered are portfolio optimization, employee scheduling, data envelopment analysis (DEA), resource allocation, and supply chain management.
This course provides an overview of data mining tools for extracting patterns from large data sets. Emphasis is on framing the business problem and communicating the results. Model implications, impact, and assumptions are discussed as they pertain to various business problems. Topics include classification, variable selection, association rules, clustering, neural network, and decision trees. Applications include customer retention, market segmentation, credit management, fraud detection, and recommender systems. .NYC Fall
Internship experience in the hospitality and tourism industry requiring students to apply knowledge learned in Hospitality and Tourism Management courses to practical work experiences in the field. Students identify, gauge and develop the skills needed in future careers. Students are required to complete 400 hours of work experience, keep a log of their internship activities, and prepare a final report/presentation.
Management majors with strong academic records may apply to undertake a carefully planned work experience, under the supervision of a faculty advisor, which will demonstrate the practical application of their classroom training. Students are required to maintain a log of their internship activities and complete a paper which integrates work assignments with the study of management. Interested students should contact the Management and Management Science Department.
Management Science majors with strong academic records may apply to undertake a carefully planned work experience, under the supervision of a faculty advisor, which will demonstrate the practical application of their classroom training. Students are required to maintain a log of their internship activities and complete a paper which integrates work assignments with the study of Management Science. Interested students should contact the Management and Management Science Department.
With the approval of the appropriate faculty member, the department chair, and the academic dean, students may select a topic for guided research that is not included in the regular course offerings. The student meets regularly with the faculty member to review progress. A research project or paper must also be submitted.
This course offers the opportunity to study special topics in management. Please refer to the current schedule of classes for announcement of courses offered under this title.
This course offers the opportunity to study special topics in management. Please refer to the current schedule of classes for announcement of courses offered under this title.
This seminar will compare time, space, creativity and aesthetics across cultures and illustrate applications to the management of everyday life. One of the readings will be John Kao's Jamming: The Art and Discipline of Business Creativity, comparing creative brainstorming in organizations to jam sessions. Other readings will touch base with artists as well as management theorists dealing with creativity such as Edward De Bono. Students will do a project that represents their own vision of style, time, space and being.
A global civic engagement opportunity to study and understand the UN Millennium Development Goals for 2015 with an application to the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest. Involves study of Brazil, assessment of goals, planning and working with businesses and community agencies in Brazil. Required planning meetings to be held during the summer prior to trip in August and follow up classes during fall.
This is an expanded travel version of MGT 345 and students majoring in International Management with a concentration in Europe may take this course to satisfy their MGT 345 requirement. This course is part of a six credit comprehensive travel/study experience in London, England. Students will enroll in MGT 396K (3 credits) and a linked Summer course taught at the Foundation for International Education, located in one of the best areas of London, the world famous Kensington neighborhood. MGT 396K will focus on the Eurpean Union, particularly the similarities and differences in managerial practices among European countries, both inside and outside the EU.
Globalization - the increasing integration of economies around the world - has been a hotly debated topic over the past few years. Opponents claim that it has increased inequality within and between nations, threatened jobs and living standards, and impaired social programs. Proponents claim that globalization has enabled many countries to become integrated into the global economy and enjoy unparalleled growth, prosperity and stability. This course will explore the forces that gave rise to globalization, key issues in the current debate, and directions for relevant policy actions.
Conflicting forces of economic performance, ethical behavior, legal compliance, and social responsibility have been recorded for centuries and remain a matter of global concern today. Organizations such as Enron, WorldCom, Adelphia, Tyco, Arthur Andersen, all proc=vide testimony to the dire consequences resulting from a failure to match ethical behavior with economic performance. Through the use of lecture/discussions, case studies, classical and contemporary readings, videos, and experiential learning exercises, this course will explore such topics as fair competition, moral leadership, truth, power and greed, social responsibility, compassion, discrimination, cultural relativism, and civil disobedience, in the pursuit of individual and organizational prosperity.
Is the Ecopreneur a creative free-rider or an existential manager committed to sustainability? Students will answer this question by exploring contrasting cultural views and theories of creativity, entrepreneurship, eco-design, and government eco-regulation. They will create individual green business plans for an actual start-up that is sustainable both economically and environmentally, and will ‘pitch’ these designs at the end of this celebration of community sustainability and learning.
Many environmental issues facing the nation and planet can be studied in unique fashion through focusing on the Hudson River experiences. Through a combination of classroom, field, and experiential learning, this course will use the Hudson River Valley and region as its connecting theme and central subject. The semester will be comprised of four (4) modules taught by diverse faculty and will include business, policy, humanities, and technology. Students will gain a deep understanding of the environment in which Pace University is located and the pivotal role this region has played in local and global affairs, particularly in relation to the environment.
Formulating tactical pricing decisions to maximize revenues for hospitality organizations. Topics include: history of revenue management, reservation systems, forecasting demand, inventory control, cost analysis, pricing, strategy, channel management, revenue management tactics, and applications.
An interdisciplinary seminar designed to provide business majors in any field with a broad managerial perspective of the sports and entertainment world. Use of case study methods to explore marketing, strategic, financial, and legal aspects of managing sports and entertainment entities.
The performing arts industry offers a multi-billion business. This survey cou rse will introd uce the students to the landscape of the business of performing arts. The course will help students develop practical skills for management including from understanding the roles of managers & other players in the organization, audience engagement and development, contract, deals & financial statements analysis, issues associated with performing arts organizations, to developing strategies to cope with emerging trends. This course will examine the industry's ecosystem including the role of management in handling its managers and artists, how contracts with union and artists are assessed, how music copyrights arc inspected, and how radical changes in trends are affected its internal and external environments.
Complete preparation to launch an arts and entertainment career, Students will be immersed in resume preparation, personal branding,interview techniques and social media marketing, as well as be introduced to the skills and requirements necessary for specific positions. Daily interactive class lectures, expert guest speakers , behind the scenes visits to media/entertainment organizations, and attendance at live performances in theater, TV and NFP cultural business. Dates: June 8, 2019- June 15, 2019 1 week Immersion course- 42 hours
This course provides an in-depth examination of the television business, from its evolution in the 1940’s through its past and present technological and economic disruption. Special attention is paid to Television Production and Distribution, Cable and Satellite, and Internet Streaming, with particular emphasis given to the various business models and practices, as well as underlying economic traits characterizing these media industries.
This is the senior-level course for the entrepreneurship concentration. This course builds on lessons learned in prior entrepreneurship concentration courses. Students taking this course should have a strong interest (or involvement) in starting their own business. Students will be required to write a comprehensive business plan.
This course covers the design and management of the flow of materials and information starting from raw materials through production and distribution until the finished goods or services reaches the customer. Special emphasis is on integration of analytical techniques for optimization of the entire supply chain. Topics include inventory reduction, requirements planning, production scheduling, purchasing decisions, logistics, reengineering, and quality and productivity issues.
This course is an overview of advanced applications in five human resources management (HRM) functions: Staffing, Performance Management, Compensation and Benefits, Career Management, and Human Resources Planning. Students will examine these functions within the context of the wider HRM function and its strategic impact on the overall organizations.
This course takes a hands-on, project based approach to learning. Utilizing information and techniques gained from lectures, field trips, guest speakers and case analyses, students will have the opportunity to work on actual theatre or entertainment productions, or will engage in a semester-long project, developing a project plan for a theatre company, or other arts, sports or entertainment organization.
: This course is designed to introduce future managers in the health care field to the structure, operation and financing of the American health care system. It examines the major industry participants; how health care services are allocated and financed; the factors that influence the cost and quality of care; and opposing positions on the future of health care reform.
This course considers concepts in strategic planning and methods of developing long-range plans in business and non-business organizations. Topics will include methods of forecasting economic, technological, social, and political developments and their impact on the organization as well as analysis of the organization's competitive environment. The problems of planning in small and large organizations will be analyzed and compared. Techniques for developing long-range plans and supporting programs will be discussed.
Current issues related to planning and organization strategy, the changing business environment, and management theory will be discussed in this course. A review of recent management literature and individual research by students will provide the basis for discussion.
This is an advanced course in management and should be taken as a capstone course during the student's senior year. Utilizing the case approach and an Internet-based business simulation, the student will be required to apply all the concepts of management, accounting, production, marketing, economics, and finance. The course covers a large number of companies engaged in a wide variety of strategic activities. Emphasis is placed on policy formulation, top management decision-making, and the integration of corporate, business-unit and department strategy programs.
The Business Honors Program (BHP) provides students with the unique opportunity to pursue advanced study of a topic in their major area under the direction of a faculty mentor. The focus of the project can be either scholarship (research) or leadership (application) oriented. It should address an important and/or current issue in the discipline while allowing the student flexibility for the manifestation of his or her unique interests and objectives. Successful completion of the senior thesis is required of all BHP students. The outcome of the project will be a written report and presentation. Abstracts of completed projects will be published in appropriate outlets.